Research

The SP&PFM programme produces research and evidence to improve the economic case for social protection

 

Most programme countries developed and promoted reforms in specific social protection policies, from unemployment insurance to cash transfers.

Report on a high-level Consultation Workshop: Findings Sharing on “Towards Improved Unemployment Protection in Bangladesh” with Tripartite Plus

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2022
Tags: unemployment protection, unemployment insurance, policies, social security strategy

 

Options for Improving Unemployment Protection in Bangladesh

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2022
Tags: unemployment protection, unemployment insurance, policies

Employment services and institutional capacities in Bangladesh

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2022
Tags: unemployment protection, unemployment insurance, policies

Social partners’ views on a possible unemployment insurance scheme

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2022
Tags: unemployment protection, unemployment insurance scheme, social partners

Towards an unemployment insurance scheme in Bangladesh: A preliminary feasibility assessment

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2022
Tags: unemployment protection, unemployment insurance scheme, social security standards, institutional capacity, feasbility study

Bangladesh: Labour market dynamics and protection measures against unemployment in the formal sector

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2022
Tags: labour market, unemployment, formal sector

Adoção de um plano de contas da segurança social

Country: Cabo Verde
Year: 2022
Tags: social security account framework

Analyse des cadres institutionnels et opérationnels des programmes et mécanismes existants (CMU et RSTI) de protection sociale pour une meilleure couverture des travailleurs et entrepreneurs de l’économie informelle

Country: Côte d’Ivoire
Year: 2022
Tags: institutional framework, operational framework, social protection programmes, workers in the informal economy, entrepreneurs in the informal economy, extension of coverage

Atelier de validation: Analyse des cadres institutionnels et opérationnels des programmes et mécanismes existants de protection sociale (CMU & RSTI) pour une meilleure couverture des travailleurs et entrepreneurs de l’économie informelle

Country: Côte d’Ivoire
Year: 2022
Tags: institutional framework, operational framework, social protection programmes, workers in the informal economy, entrepreneurs in the informal economy, extension of coverage

Mecanismos de protección frente al desempleo

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2022
Tags: unemployment protection mechanisms

Fortalecimiento del sistema de protección social frente al desempleo en Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2022
Tags: social protection system, unemployment protection

La economía política de la protección social em Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2022
Tags: social protection system, implementantion, financing, sustainability

Propuesta de desarrollo e implementación del Esquema Integral de Protección ante el Desempleo

Country: Peru
Year: 2022
Tags: unemployment protection, unemployment scheme 

Détermination du cadre de mise en œuvre des mesures incitatives à la formalisation et à l’affiliation de l’économie informelle au Régime simplifié de sécurité sociale (RSPC) – RAPPORT FINAL

Country: Senegal
Year: 2022
Tags: formalisation, workers in the informal economy, social security scheme

Providing adequate social protection for women in the informal sector in Senegal: Key recommendations for a gender-sensitive RSPC

Country: Senegal
Year: 2022
Tags: social protection, gender, women, women in the informal sector

Le projet d’appui à l’extension de la sécurité sociale au Togo (ci-après Projet BIT-SP&PFM/Togo), un an après son lancement

Country: Togo
Year: 2022
Tags: extension of social protection, SP&PFM project

ILO Social Security Standards. Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2021
Tags: social security standards, employment promotion, unemployment protection

Report on Consultation Event: Fostering Unemployment Protection Measures in Bangladesh

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2021
Tags: unemployment protection, social dialogue

Mecanismos de protección frente al desempleo: Aportes de la academia y proceso de diálogo social – Principales elementos de la discusión

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2021
Tags: unemployment protection, social dialogue

Employment Termination in Myanmar: Rules and Payments on Separation

Country: Myanmar
Year: 2021
Tags: employment termination, employees’ rights, employers’ liabilities

Policy Design for Unemployment Benefits in Myanmar: The Social Security Law, 2012, and Social Security Rules, 2014

Country: Myanmar
Year: 2021
Tags: unemployment insurance, unemployment benefits, legal framework

Baseline Study on Social Protection

Country: Nepal
Year: 2021
Tags: social protection policies, social protection strategies

Social protection responses to COVID-19 in Nepal

Country: Nepal
Year: 2021
Tags: social protection system, COVID-19, social stabilizer, economic stabilizer

Propuesta integral de protección social frente al desempleo para el Perú

Country: Peru
Year: 2021
Tags: unemployment protection, social protection mechanisms

Proyecto de fortalecimiento del sistema de protección social frente al desempleo en el Perú

Country: Peru
Year: 2021
Tags: social protection system, unemployment insurance

Un seguro social por desempleo para el Perú: Valuación actuarial

Country: Peru
Year: 2021
Tags: unemployment insurance, unemployment benefits, actuarial valuation, legal framework

Fiche synoptique sur la protection sociale au Sénégal

Country: Senegal
Year: 2021
Tags: country profile, social protection status

Étude sur la Carte d’Égalité des Chances Sénégal

Country: Senegal
Year: 2021
Tags: disability, social protection programme, social protection benefits

Revue globale et analyse du système national de protection sociale du Sénégal

Country: Senegal
Year: 2021
Tags: social protection system, social protection programmes, social protection schemes

Commentaires du BIT au sujet du régime de pensions proposé par la CNSS à l’intention des travailleurs non-salariés du Togo

Country: Togo
Year: 2021
Tags: self-employed workers, pensions scheme

Challenges Faced by Adolescent Girls in Urban Areas of Uganda and the Case for Targeted Social Protection Programmes

Country: Uganda
Year: 2021
Tags: social protection programmes, adolescent girls, urban areas, referral services, cash transfers

The importance of a system strengthening approach to social protection: A case study of Uganda’s urban social protection programme for adolescent girls

Country: Uganda
Year: 2021
Tags: social protection programme, systems approach

Analyse de l’impact des transferts sociaux monetaires au Burkina Faso

Country: Burkina Faso
Year: 2020
Tags: social cash transfers

Étude de faisabilité pour la mise en place d’une assurance chômage au Burkina Faso

Country: Burkina Faso
Year: 2020
Tags: unemployment insurance, financing of the unemployment scheme, management of the unemployment insurance

Improving Synergies between Social Protection and Public Finance Management for Ethiopia – A Fact-Finding Report based on ILO-Social Security Inquiry (SSI) Assessment for Ethiopia

Country: Ethiopia
Year: 2020
Tags: social protection, public finance management, social security inquiry assessment

Mitigating the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19 in Ethiopia, with a focus on vulnerable groups

Country: Ethiopia
Year: 2020
Tags: COVID-19, pro-poor policies, socio-economic vulnerability assessment

Read also Annex I – Vulnerability Impact Fiches

COVID-19 socio-economic Vulnerability Assessment of Ethiopia

Country: Ethiopia
Year: 2020
Tags: vulnerability assessment, health welfare, social cohesion, economy

Socio-economic Impact Analysis of COVID-19 in Ethiopia

Country: Ethiopia
Year: 2020
Tags: COVID-19, macroeconomic scenarios

EU/ILO/UNICEF Project: Improving Synergies between Social Protection and Public Finance Management for Ethiopia – A Fact-Finding Report based on ILO-Social Security Inquiry (SSI) For Ethiopia (Final narrative)

Country: Ethiopia
Year: 2020
Tags: social security inquiry, social protection policy, social protection strategy, social protection programmes

Social protection and the COVID- 19 crisis: Responses to support workers and their families in Sri Lanka

Country: Sri Lanka
Year: 2020
Tags: COVID-19, social protection, workers’ protection

The following thematic briefs summarize lessons learnt, good practices and innovations drawn from implementation of the programme in 24 countries

Extending social protection to workers in the informal economy

 

Financing disability-inclusive social protection systems

 

Financing gender-responsive social protection systems
The research on ‘Multiplier effects of social protection benefits’ was undertaken in collaboration with the Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas (FIPE).
The research focuses on measuring the impact of changes in the composition and magnitude of different types of social protection expenditure and revenue collection on domestic demand and growth, using a Structural Vector Autoregression (VAR) simulation.

The multiplier effects of government expenditures on social protection : A multi-country study (research article)

Countries: 42
Year: 2023
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social expenditure, inclusive growth, development

 

Investing in social protection for economic growth: Multipliers of social protection – Nepal country case study

Country: Nepal
Year: 2023
Tags: multiplier effects, case study, country brief, social protection, social expenditure, inclusive growth, development

Economic expansion through social investment in Viet Nam: An empirical estimation of fiscal multipliers (report)

Country: Viet Nam
Year: 2023
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social expenditure, inclusive growth, development, report

Economic expansion through social investment in Viet Nam: An empirical estimation of fiscal multipliers (policy brief)

Country: Viet Nam
Year: 2023
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social expenditure, inclusive growth, development, brief

Multipliers of Social Protection: Cabo Verde

Country: Cabo Verde
Year: 2021
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social expenditure, inclusive growth, development

Read also the Presentation (in Spanish)

Multipliers of Social Protection: Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2021
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social expenditure, inclusive growth, development

Multipliers of Social Protection: Malawi

Country: Malawi
Year: 2023
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social protection expenditure, aggregate economic activity

Multipliers of Social Protection: Mexico

Country: Mexico
Year: 2021
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social protection expenditure, aggregate economic activity

Multipliers of Social Protection: Nepal

Country: Nepal
Year: 2023
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social protection expenditure, aggregate economic activity

Multipliers of Social Protection: Pakistan

Country: Pakistan
Year: 2021
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social expenditure, inclusive growth, development

Multipliers of Social Protection: Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2021
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social protection expenditure, aggregate economic activity

Multipliers of Social Protection: Vietnam

Country: Vietnam
Year: 2021
Tags: multiplier effects, social protection, social expenditure, inclusive growth, development

The programme developed country case studies on how additional fiscal space can be created for a universal social protection system. The analyses should help governments on how they can increase spending on priority sectors for women, children and vulnerable groups. The analyses were carried out using the ILO Handbook on Fiscal Space for Social Protection.

Financement de la Protection Sociale au Sénégal: Analyse de l’espace budgétaire, des options de financement et des impacts des investissements en Protection sociale

Country: Senegal
Year: 2021
Tags: fiscal space, social protection, return on investments, poverty reduction

Expanding fiscal space for social protection: The case for adolescent-oriented services

Country: Uganda
Year: 2021
Tags: fiscal space, social protection, adolescents, health, education

Étude sur la définition d’une Stratégie de financement de la protection sociale au Burkina Faso: Mise en place du Fonds National de Protection Sociale (FNPS)

Country: Burkina Faso
Year: 2020
Tags: social protection, financing strategy

A public expenditure review (PER) analyses the quantity and quality of public spending over time against policy goals and performance indicators. Under the programme, several countries carried out Social Protection Expenditure Reviews, to assess the level of investment, as well as how it was allocated across different agencies and levels of government.

Social Protection Budget Brief

Country: Nepal
Year: 2020
Tags: budget allocation, budget assessment, social assistance programmes

 

The National Budget Framework FY 2021/22: Investing in Human Capital Development

Country: Uganda
Year: 2021
Tags: budget allocation, budget assessment, social assistance programmes

A number of programme countries have assessed their technical delivery capacities, as well as processes and institutions. The programme has supported the development or the refinement of social protection technical tools and their application and adaptation, in particular with a view to mainstreaming shock-responsiveness and social protection across the Humanitarian-Development Nexus (SPaN), as well as ensuring they include a gender and disability perspective.

A Review of Labour Market Policies and Employment Services in Bangladesh

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2022
Tags: employment services, active labour market policies

Inventaire des mutuelles sociales du Burkina Faso – 2020

Country: Burkina Faso
Year: 2022
Tags: mutual organisations, universal health insurance

SP&PFM: Objetivos do projeto, metodologia adotada, resultados, desafios e recomendações

Country: Cabo Verde
Year: 2022
Tags: project presentation, project methodology, project results

Atualização e expansão do Cadastro Social Único

Country: Cabo Verde
Year: 2022
Tags: social registry, update of social registry, expansion of social registry

Définition des mécanismes et modalités de recouvrement des cotisations dues au titre de la CMU et du RSTI par certaines catégories professionnelles

Country: Côte d’Ivoire
Year: 2022
Tags: social security contributions, mandatory schemes, digital collection of contributions, collection mechanisms and modalities

Civil society training manual on public finance management for social protection in Uganda

Country: Côte d’Ivoire
Year: 2022
Tags: public financing management, training manual, civil society

Mecanismos alternativos de pagamentos das prestações sociais. Relatório final com as recomendações sobre a solução alternativa para o pagamento de prestações sociais

Country: Cabo Verde
Year: 2021
Tags: social benefits, alternative payment mechanisms

Read also the summary (in Portuguese)

Servicios de Promoción del empleo

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2022
Tags: employment promotion services

Requisitos para acceder al seguro de desempleo

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2022
Tags: unemployment insurance, requirements for accessing unemployment insurance

Mercado laboral y situación del desempleo en Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2022
Tags: labour market, unemployment, employment services

Mecanismos alternativos de pagamentos das prestações sociais. Relatório final com as recomendações sobre a solução alternativa para o pagamento de prestações sociais

Country: Cabo Verde
Year: 2021
Tags: social benefits, alternative payment mechanisms

Read also the summary (in Portuguese)

Étude sur la capitalisation des plans de soutien nationaux aux entrepreneurs et travailleurs de l’économie informelle en Côte d’Ivoire – Rapport final

Country: Côte d’Ivoire
Year: 2021
Tags: national support plan, entrepreneurs in the informal economy, workers in the informal economy

Atelier de restitution: Étude sur la capitalisation des plans de soutien nationaux aux entrepreneurs et travailleurs de l’économie informelle en Côte d’Ivoire – Rapport de l’atelier

Country: Côte d’Ivoire
Year: 2021
Tags: national support plan, entrepreneurs in the informal economy, workers in the informal economy

Atelier de sensibilisation sur l’extension des régimes obligatoires de sécurité sociale (CMU, RSTI) aux travailleurs de l’économie informelle – rapport de l’atelier

Country: Côte d’Ivoire
Year: 2021
Tags: social security extension, mandatory shcemes, workers in the informal economy

Atelier de renforcement des capacités des acteurs nationaux sur le suivi de la situation de la protection sociale en République de Côte d’Ivoire – rapport de l’atelier

Country: Côte d’Ivoire
Year: 2021
Tags: social protection monitoring, capacity building, national stakeholders

Technical brief on Strengthening Social Protection Management Information Systems (MIS): Findings from a Systems Review of the Social Security Fund, Nepal

Country: Nepal
Year: 2021
Tags: management information systems, ICT governance, ICT structure, human resources, business processes

Étude pour la définition d’indicateurs clés de suivi de la mise en œuvre de la Politique nationale de protection sociale (PNPS) au Burkina Faso

Country: Burkina Faso
Year: 2020
Tags: monitoring indicators, national social protection policy, social insurance, extension of social coverage, governance

Capacity assessment report for Good Practices, Learning Demands and Challenges for Civil Society Organizations and Trade Unions to Actively and Effectively Participate in Social Protection and Public Finance Management Processes in Uganda

Country: Uganda
Year: 2020
Tags: civil society organisations, trade unions, participation, social protection, public finance management

This working paper examines the evolution of social protection systems in response to economic changes, highlighting their growing responsiveness and inclusiveness during crises, facilitated by modern data technologies. Analysis of data from 106 countries since the 1980s shows an increased adaptability of social protection spending, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic, through counter-cyclical policy measures that expanded support beyond traditional beneficiaries. The study underscores recent innovations that enabled governments to promptly identify and aid those typically excluded from social protection, such as informal workers.

The paper advocates for the development of agile social protection frameworks that can swiftly respond to various shocks, supporting both formal and informal workers. It suggests the use of national socio-economic indicators for real-time monitoring of social protection needs, enabling automatic policy responses. Emphasizing the necessity of accessible public resources for effective crisis management, it proposes establishing dedicated funds for emergency interventions. The conclusion points to the potential of new data and technologies to enhance social protection adaptability, especially in developing economies with high informality, thereby improving the targeting and efficiency of social protection and taxation systems.

Extending social protection during times of crisis: The Data Revolution

Author: Clemente Pignatti, Carlos Galian, Céline Peyron Bista
Year: 2024
Tags: shock responsive social protection; digital transformation; 

 

SP&PFM proposes a quantitative tool that could help Governments identify weaknesses and bottlenecks in the use of social protection resources and budget. The tool is inspired on two related instruments:

  • Good Governance Guidelines for Social Security Agencies of the International Social Security Association (ISSA), that apply the principles embedded in the ILO Social Security (minimum standards) Convention, 1952 (No.102) and ILO Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No.202).
  • Public expenditure and financial accountability (PEFA).
  • The ISSA Guidelines are focused exclusively on social security agencies, and the specific features that characterise this type of institutions. The scope is broader than just resource management and financial accountability. The PEFA is not designed yet as a sectoral tool but is a methodology for assessing and reporting on the strengths and weaknesses of public financial management (PFM) performance. It identifies 94 characteristics (dimensions) across 31 key components of PFM (indicators) in 7 broad areas of activity (pillars).

A tool to assess public finance management of social protection systems

Author: Pablo Souto
Year: 2023 (forthcoming)
Tags: