Senegal

 

The project Consolidating the financial sustainability and coverage of the social protection system in Senegal provides technical assistance to the country to establish a comprehensive and inclusive social protection system, supported by adequate and sustainable financing, transparent governance and targeted measures. The joint action aims to extend social protection coverage to vulnerable groups not yet covered, in particular persons with disabilities and workers in the informal economy.

The Government of Senegal consider the extension and strengthening of social protection a fundamental element of its economic and social development strategy, as reflected in the National Social Protection Strategy. Under the coordination of the General Delegation for Social Protection and National Solidarity (DGPSN), this strategy aims to establish universal and inclusive social protection by 2035. However, the coordination of the social protection system remains a challenge with i) an institutional environment that needs to be clarified, ii) fragmentations and duplications of social protection interventions by development partners, especially at the decentralised level and often beyond the control of national coordination, iii) an absence of coordination mechanisms at the decentralised level, etc. To address these issues, the project works jointly with the national institutions to build the capacity of actors at the decentralised level to improve coordination mechanisms, such as the establishment of regional social protection platforms.

It is important to note that the government of Senegal has made efforts in terms of financing social protection. In 2018, UNICEF and the Ministry of Economy produced a study analysing social expenditure over the period 2013-15. This study showed a positive evolution of public expenditure on social protection. The share of the social protection sub-sector (including resources allocated to CMU) in overall public spending on social protection and health increased from 14% in 2013 to 19% in 2014, then to 28% in 2015 (UNICEF and MEFC, 2018). Despite these efforts, the establishment of a mechanism to monitor public spending on social protection remains a major challenge that the project will address in its implementation.

In 2019-20, a comprehensive review of the social protection system conducted by the ILO, with the support of the European Union allowed the identification of policy scenarios for extending the social protection system ensuring the effective implementation of the National Social Protection Strategy. The scenarios were based, in particular, on the mobilisation of new potential sources of financing and the extension of coverage, which remains polarised between formal salaried employment and social assistance.

Thus, the joint action aims at exploring options and recommendations for sustainable financing of social protection and supporting the extension of social protection coverage. In addition, the activities will allow apply these recommendations to secure social protection expenditure through the government budget, but also at the legal level.

 

Key results 2019-22

The project has already achieved the following results:

  • Government actors, particularly those of the Social Budget Monitoring Observatory (OSBS), parliamentarians and civil society have been sensitised and had their capacities strengthened in terms of financing social protection and its importance, through a series of advocacy and training activities.
  • Ways of improving and extending the Equal Opportunity Card programme were clearly identified and budgeted for, for better inclusion of people with disabilities in the social protection system.
  • The effective implementation of the simplified social security scheme for workers in the informal economy (RSPC) has been supported through the identification of incentives and the effective inclusion of gender in the scheme and the pilot phase of the health branch.
  • Support was provided to the General Directorate of Labour and Social Security (DGTSS) to improve communication and transparency of information with the general public.
  • Support was given to the DGPSN to update the Single National Register (RNU) which is the essential tool for targeting social protection programmes. Support for the establishment of regional social protection platforms. 
  • The project has put emphasis on bringing together 25 CSOs and trade unions organisations, strengthening their capacity on various topics including public finance management, social protection, lobby and advocacy, power-mapping analysis on PFM. This enabled them to carry out a number of advocacy activities with central and local government for sustainable funding of social protection programmes for workers and the most vulnerable populations. These include programmes for rural workers and those in the informal economy (payment of arrears of public subsidies as a contribution to mutual health insurance schemes in the framework of universal health coverage), persons with disabilities (CEC) and the elderly (Sesame).
  • This allowed the actors (CSOs and trade unions) to develop and disseminate two position papers: (1) a memorandum to the executive of the country’s 14 administrative regions to raise awareness of the need for better consideration of social protection issues in the national budget and (2) a Charter of Commitment of local authorities (elected communal officials) to ensure adequate financing of social protection, with consideration of gender and people living with disabilities. Other lobby and advocacy activities were directed towards the Cabinet of the head of the state (advisor in charge of social protection) and some sectorial ministries in charge of social protection.

Resources

Events

Project partners

The project was jointly developed by the ILO, UNICEF, the European Union Delegation (DUE) in Dakar, the Government of Senegal – through the General Delegation for Social Protection and National Solidarity (DGPSN) of the Ministry of Community Development, Social and Territorial Equity, the Ministry of Finance and Budget; and the Ministry in charge of Labour – civil society under the lead of We Social Movements (WSM), and social partners.

Contacts

Mr. Dramane Batchabi, ILO Social Protection Specialist, batchabi@ilo.org

Mr. Moussa Dieng, ILO National Project Coordinator, dieng@ilo.org

Mrs. Alix Machiels, ILO Junior Professional Officer on Social Protection, machiels@ilo.org

Mr. Ousseini Ouedraogo, UNICEF, National Social Protection Officer, ousouedraogo@unicef.org

Mr. Valère PIHOUN KOFFI, Continental Coordinator WSM, West Africa, valere.koffi@wsm.be 

 

Financing and extending social protection in Senegal. Progress and challenges. July 2022 (in French).

A worker going to pay her social security contributions at the post office, Dakar, 14/01/2022.

A street vendor selling fruit, Dakar, 14/01/2022.

A doctor examines a patient during a medical consultation. RSPC health branch. Dakar, 05/03/2022.

A member holding his insurance card in front of the IPRES office, Dakar, 14/01/2022.

Mobile banking, an important tool for cash transfers in Senegal, Dakar, 14/01/2022.

A wheelchair-bound female entrepreneur in her office, Dakar, 19/02/2022.