Social protection coverage in Angola is very limited. A study by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative estimated in 2020 that 54% of Angolans experienced multidimensional poverty. The government has given a high priority to social sectors by establishing objectives, goals and targets in their 2018-2022 National Development Plan, which aims at increasing social protection in an equitable and sustainable way and fighting poverty.
In this context, the project Improving Synergies Between Social Protection and Public Finance Management in Angola aims to support the Government of Angola in enhancing the country’s social protection system including a national social protection floor towards the achievement of SDG target 1.3. This is done through strategic actions that promote the implementation of the National Development Plan, facilitate capacity building and coordination between the main social protection actors and strengthen the management of public finances for durable and sustainable investments in the sector.
The project focuses on four key points:
- Supporting the development of a Social Protection Policy, through an Assessment Based National Dialogue (ABND) process including identification of coverage gap, cost estimations to establish a social protection floor and fiscal space analysis to identify options to fill the financing gap;
- Conducting a series of strategic actions for the preliminary implementation of a performance-based budgeting model in social protection institutions;
- Improving coordination of the social protection system;
- Strengthening the capacity of public institutions to improve budgeting and delivery of social protection services.
The project was developed jointly by the ILO, UNICEF, the Delegation of the European Union office in Luanda and the Government of Angola through the Ministry of Public Administration, Labour and Social Security, the Ministry of Social Action, Family and Women Promotion, the Ministry of Planning, the Ministry of Finance, the National Social Security Institute, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education.
Key achievements by 2020
In the first year of the project, progress can be summarised as follows:
- An in-depth stakeholder mapping was conducted, key actors in the national social protection system and the public finance management were consulted and the project defined the key activities for enhancing the synergies across the sectors. For the first time, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Social Action, Family and Promotion of Women (MASFAMU) and the Ministry of Public Administration, Labor and Social Security (MAPTSS) will be engaged and working together in a project that focuses on building synergies.
- Technical inputs provided to the government in the revision of the National Policy for Social Action were incorporated into the plan, which was approved by the Council of Ministers in December 2020. The policy approval is a significant milestone for the architecture of the national social protection system in the country. It demonstrates the government’s renewed commitment to expanding social protection and provides the policy framework for the advancement of the SP&PFM project activities.
- A joint series of five webinars entitled “Simplifying the Budget” was organized in 2020 in partnership with the Ministry of Finance and provided a digital platform for advocacy on more transparency and participation in public finance management. The webinars engaged over 7,500 participants.
The project is developed jointly by the ILO, UNICEF, the Delegation of the European Union office in Luanda and the Government of Angola through the Ministry of Public Administration, Labour and Social Security, the Ministry of Social Action, Family and Women Promotion, the Ministry of Planning, the Ministry of Finance, the National Social Security Institute, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education.
Ms Joana Borges, ILO, Social Protection Specialist, email@example.com
Ms Denise Monteiro, ILO, firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr Glayson Dos Santos, UNICEF, email@example.com
Ms Kamia Cristina Carvalho Abambres, UNICEF, firstname.lastname@example.org