More than 16 million people are now better informed of their rights and entitlements under the applicable social protection system
The nationwide “Rights also migrate” campaign has reached out to migrant workers, refugees and returnees.
Launch of a toolkit to promote social protection for Colombians, migrants and returnees
Educational tool that aims to raise awareness among territorial officials working with migrants about the national security system and its affiliation mechanisms.
The Migrant Bird Tour of social protection reached seven regions of the country
The tour made it possible to validate, together with the tripartite constituents, the findings of the public policy to extend social protection to Colombians, migrants and returnees.
As of August 2021, more than 1.8 million migrants and refugees lived in Colombia. Despite this population’s work capacity, the employability levels and the possibility for them to access labour formalization programmes and social security schemes were low. According to the Great Integrated Household Survey, in 2018-19, about 93.5% of migrants had no formal contract, and 94.5% had no social security coverage. At the end of 2019, the National Administrative Department of Statistics reported that the health scheme protected only 9% of the Venezuelan migrants employed in the country. At the same time, just 3% were affiliated with a pension scheme.
The project sought to ensure that the Colombian social protection system protects the Venezuelan migrant population and Colombian returnees from Venezuela through:
2. the adaptation of the social protection system, by analyzing, through transparent and solid social dialogue, the elements requiring adaptation to cover new developments in the labour market, particularly the migrant population.
In addition, measures to facilitate complementary processes were strengthened, including the exchange of information between national institutions in charge of identifying and registering migrants and Colombian returnees for social protection schemes. In this process, special emphasis was placed on the production and availability of sex-disaggregated data, and on the analysis considering the practical and strategic needs of migrant and refugee women, making available the tools developed by the ILO.
Results 2022 & 2023
- The “Toolbox for a Colombia with social protection for Colombians, migrants and returnees” was launched as an educational tool to raise awareness among territorial officials about the national social security system and its affiliation mechanisms.
- The Migrant Bird Tour of social protection was conducted in February and March 2023, visiting seven regions of the country to validate, with tripartite constituents, the findings of public policy to extend social protection to Colombians, migrants and returnees.
- The Compatibility analysis of Colombian social security legislation in the light of Convention 102 of 1952 on social security (minimum standard) was launched. Read about it here.
- An awareness-raising and information campaign on social protection called “Los Derechos también Migran” (Rights also migrate) was designed and launched with the aim of making Colombian migrants and returnees from Venezuela aware of their social protection rights and promoting their effective access to the Colombian social security system. The campaign was launched on 18 December 2022 as part of International Migrants Day.
- In October 2022, the barriers that limit the formal hiring of Venezuelan migrants and Colombian returnees were compiled. This exercise succeeded in identifying the individual, environmental and organisational barriers that prevent this population from joining the social protection system.
- Indicators were identified to provide context for the socio-labour characteristics and labour participation of the Venezuelan migrant population and Colombian returnees. By November 2022, the information obtained was compiled and analysed in a report that will serve as input for the development of policy recommendations to extend social protection coverage to the Venezuelan migrant population and Colombian returnees.
- In December 2022, policy recommendations were formulated for a roadmap to extend social protection to migrants and returnees in Colombia and for a transition plan towards formality for the migrant and returnee population in Colombia.
The #RightsAlsoMigrate campaign
- ILO and WFP present the Migrant Bird Toolkit for Social Protection
- ILO validates findings for the insertion of Colombian migrants and returnees into the social protection system in the region
- “Rights also migrate” ILO and European Union campaign to promote social protection for migrants and returnees in Colombia
- Video: How to access the right to health in Colombia?
- Video: What happens if I have an accident while working in Colombia?
- Video: How can you get a job as a migrant in Colombia?
- Video: How do compensation funds work in Colombia?
- Video: Is it worth contributing to a pension in Colombia?
Capacity building for constituents
- ILO to train Colombian business associations on Convention 102
- ILO trains workers’ representatives in Colombia on Convention 102
- ILO mission presents gap analysis of Convention 102 to Colombian government
- First national forum on migration and social protection, organized by the ILO, addressed the challenges faced by Venezuelan people in Colombia
- ILO and European Union meet with tripartite leaders on formalization of Venezuelan migrants in Colombia
- Infographic and presentation on “Promoting the labour formalization of the migrant population and returnees from Venezuela in Colombia
News and Events
- SP&PFM conducts first national forum on migration and social protection in Colombia (November 2022)
- SP&PFM initiates unique field visits for gathering recommendations to improve social protection coverage of migrants and returnees in Colombia (20 February -1 March 2023)
The ILO will directly implement the project in a joint effort with the Ministry of Labour, the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, Migration Colombia, the Office for the Attention and Socio-Economic Integration of the Migrant Population of the Presidency of the Republic and the Delegation of the European Union in the country. In addition, it is proposed to involve other public institutions and employers’ and workers’ organisations in the design and implementation of the project.
Mr. Pablo Casalí, Social Protection Expert, ILO Office for the Andean Countries – email@example.com
Ms. Martha Agudelo, National Monitoring and Programming Officer for the project office of Colombia, – firstname.lastname@example.org
Human Rights are Universal: a video of the campaign #RightsAlsoMigrate (Spanish)
Infographic summary of the SP&PFM National Forum on Migration and Social Protection, November 2022 (in Spanish).
Migrant worker at her workplace in the city of Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, February 2021.
Migrant worker at his workplace in the city of Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, February 2021.
The capital city of Bogota, one of the main destinations for migrants seeking employment in Colombia.