In Ethiopia, the SP&PFM project aims to support and strengthen the country’s social protection system through sustainable financing. Activities include informing policymakers on the vulnerability of households affected by COVID-19, understanding the public finance landscape and providing financing options for social protection in the short and medium term.

The project is committed to enhancing the coordination and monitoring capacity of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) for non-contributory and contributory social protection schemes. The project also supports and facilitates stakeholders’ dialogue and will enhance appropriate governance structures and institutional capacity towards a more integrated and efficient social protection system in the country.

Activities are focused on three key areas:

  • Producing a financing strategy for social protection in Ethiopia with short-term and medium-term options;
  • Assessing the means to extend social security to informal economy workers and supporting wage legislation related to social protection;
  • Building the capacity of MoLSA to effectively monitor the social protection system.

For more information on the project in Ethiopia, please refer to the project’s introductory brochure here 


Key achievements of 2020

  • A vulnerability assessment on COVID-19 in Ethiopia and a socio-economic impact analysis of COVID-19 in Ethiopia was conducted. The studies identified the most vulnerable groups affected by the pandemic and also looked at the implications of the socio-economic shocks stemming from the crisis and provided recommendations for addressing its consequences in terms of policy options for decision makers as well as practical actions by government and development partners. 
  • The social protection policy eligibility assessment of Ethiopia was conducted. The assessment analyzed the policy framework, coherence with development policies, relevance and credibility from the perspective of social protection implementation and public finance management (PFM). 
  • The Social Security Inquiry (SSI) data set that provides quantitative information on existing social protection programmes (contributory and non-contributory) of Ethiopia by types of schemes/benefits, number of beneficiaries covered (by gender disaggregation) and expenditures was finalized. 
  • The project supported the establishment of a Federal Social Protection Platform (FSPP), which is a social protection coordination mechanism, through consultation with government counterparts and Development Partners. The FSPP is chaired by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) and was launched in October 2020 with the objective of building greater coordination for the social protection sector and maintaining the momentum of ongoing social protection initiatives. 
  • The project provided technical assistance to MoLSA to coordinate and manage a mobile based monitoring application to track COVID-19 top-up cash transfers for the Urban Productive Safety Net Programme (UPSNP) clients. This has contributed to improving the capacity of MoLSA to standardize the management and implementation of the Permanent Direct Support (PDS) component of the both the Rural Productive Safety Net Programme (RPSNP) and the UPSNP. 

Project partners

The initiative is implemented jointly by the ILO and UNICEF, in close collaboration with the EU Delegation in Ethiopia. The project has established a Reference Group to advise on strategic directions and the overall scope of the project as well as to jointly review its implementation. The group includes the following members: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), International Labour Organization (ILO), Delegation of the European Union to Ethiopia (EU), Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA), Ministry of Finance (MoF), Planning and Development Commission (PDC), Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Urban Food Security and Job Creation Agency (UFSJCA), Public Servants’ Social Security Agency (PSSSA), Private Organisations’ Employees Social Security Agency (POESSA), Confederation of Ethiopian Trade Unions (CETU), Ethiopian Employers’ Confederation (EEC), World Bank (WB), Addis Ababa University (AAU), HelpAge International Ethiopia on behalf of the Global Coalition for Social Protection Floors (GCSPF), Federation of Ethiopian Associations of Persons with Disabilities (FEAPD) and one representative from the Donor Coordination Team (DCT), Rural Productive Safety Net Programme.

Project resources

Socio-economic Impact Analysis of COVID-19 in Ethiopia

COVID-19 Socio-economic Vulnerability Assessment of Ethiopia

Policy Brief on Mitigating the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19 in Ethiopia

Annex 1 – Vulnerability Impact Fiches (Mitigating the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19 in Ethiopia)

Presentation on “Social Protection Programs Coverage and Context in Ethiopia”

Social Protection-PFM Project Introductory Brochure for Ethiopia



Consultative Workshop on Disability Inclusion within the PSNP V in Ethiopia (November 24-26, 2021)

Workshop on Raising Awareness on Disability Inclusive Social Protection in Ethiopia (July 13-14, 2021)

Tripartite Consultation Workshop on Social Protection Extension to Formal and Informal Workers (May 18-19, 2021)

The Third Ethiopian Federal Social Protection Platform Meeting (April 16, 2021)

Workshop on Disability Inclusive Social Protection for Organizations of Persons with Disabilities in Ethiopia (April 16-17, 2021)

The Third Reference Group Meeting of the SP&PFM Project in Ethiopia (April 8, 2021)

Consultative Workshop on Social Protection in Ethiopia (March 11-13, 2021)


Mr. Fantahun Melles, ILO National Project Coordinator,

Ms. Mwenya Kapasa, ILO Technical Officer, Social Protection ,

Mr. Samson Muradzikwa, UNICEF Chief Social Policy,

Ms. Zeleka Paulos, UNICEF Social Policy Specialist,

Ms. Fanaye Tadesse, UNICEF Social Policy Specialist,